176-year-old historical medals.. reveal the story of the most famous Nile barrage in Egypt

176-year-old historical medals.. reveal the story of the most famous Nile barrage in Egypt
176-year-old historical medals.. reveal the story of the most famous Nile barrage in Egypt

Archaeological researcher Hussam al-Hariri told Al-Arabiya.net: The medals are written in the Ottoman language and date back to the era of Muhammad Ali, and were specially designed on the occasion of the opening of the aqueduct.

Cairo – Ashraf Abdel Hamid

Published in: May 20, 2023: 09:52 AM GST
Last updated: May 20, 2023: 10:28 AM GST

176-year-old historical and archaeological medals revealed the story of the most famous barrages on the Nile in Egypt, and were used to develop the country’s irrigation system.

Archaeological researcher Hussam Al-Hariri revealed that there are medals written in the Ottoman language dating back to the era of Muhammad Ali, and they were specially designed on the occasion of the opening of the Barrage of Muhammad Ali, and that was on the 23rd of Rabi’ al-Thani of the year 1263 AH corresponding to the 9th of April of the year 1847 AD.

He told Al-Arabiya.net that the text translation of one of the medals reads: “Muhammad Ali, who came to the world in the year one thousand one hundred and eighty-four in the Qula region, and whose reign over Egypt until this time reached 43 years, for the sake of public benefit, laid with his own hands the foundation stone.” These two bridges are on Friday the twenty-third of the month of Rabi` al-Akhar in the year one thousand two hundred and sixty-three.

The name of the Qanater was later called “Al-Qanater Al-Khairiya”, and the State Information Service in Egypt says that the Qanater is located within the city and center of Al-Qanater Al-Khairiya in Al-Qalubiya Governorate, in northern Egypt and is located in the area where the Nile branches into its two branches, Rashid and Damietta. It controls the flow of Nile water to the three main winds in the Nile Delta, which are Al-Menoufi, Al-Tawfiqi, and Al-Behairi, adding that it is considered one of the most important water crossings for the center of the delta.

She pointed out that the length of the barrage is about 8,400 miles, and its water area is 100,000 square miles, and it took about 20 years to build it.

The Authority stated that the agricultural lands in Lower Egypt were, until the early nineteenth century, irrigated by way of al-Hayyadh, Kari, Upper Egypt, where only winter crops were grown, and summer crops could only be grown on the shores of the Nile or the few canals derived from it. And she confirmed that Muhammad Ali decided to change this system gradually, as he started digging and purifying canals and building bridges on the Nile shore, to ensure the provision of irrigation water in most months of the year. The canals irrigated the lands in times other than floods, especially after the construction of barrages over them.

She added that Muhammad Ali crowned his efforts in irrigation work by establishing charitable arches, and it was and still is the greatest benefit and most important thing.

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