The largest pottery jar in the Emirates at the Sharjah Archeology Museum

The largest pottery jar in the Emirates at the Sharjah Archeology Museum
The largest pottery jar in the Emirates at the Sharjah Archeology Museum

The Sharjah Archeology Museum is displaying the largest archaeological pottery jar in the Emirates and the coasts of the Arabian Gulf that was discovered at the Muwailih site. It is 155 centimeters high, 141 centimeters in diameter, and 94 centimeters in diameter.
The exploratory missions were able to find the urn planted in the floor of a hall that was discovered within a settlement that includes a number of buildings. The excavators believe that the urn was made inside the hall, due to the impossibility of entering it through its very small door, or the walls of the hall may have been built around it after its manufacture. It is not known whether the jar was used to store grain or in rituals that are still unknown.
Through this pottery jar, and a large number of historical finds, the museum of the Sharjah Museums Authority opens a window into the history of the Muwailih archaeological site, which was part of the incense trade route with southern Arabia and Persia, in which a large group of collectibles and archaeological treasures were found. The mission dates back to ancient times, and different eras up to the Iron and Bronze Ages.
The Muwailih site, which is considered one of the distinguished archaeological sites in the Emirate of Sharjah, was followed by exploratory missions in the nineties of the last century.
Expeditions revealed important clues about the life and skill of the people who inhabited the area between 900 and 600 BC, and were creative in formulating their ways of life and building patterns.
The excavators demonstrate the skill of the people who inhabited the Muwailih area, through a large settlement that was found. It consists of a number of buildings that were built using dried mud bricks, surrounded by a wall, and includes an administrative building that includes a large hall with an area of ​​10 meters by 12 meters, surrounded by a number of of the attached rooms.
The hall is the largest covered place on the site, and the large Muwailih urn was found inside it. The design of the hall reveals the ingenuity and skill of its designer; He used four rows of columns, each row containing five columns, to raise the roof.
The excavators were able to find the remains of the bases of those columns made of stone in their place on the floor of the hall. The columns themselves are made of wood, evidenced by the charred remains scattered on the floor of the hall.
Manal Ataya, Director-General of the Sharjah Museums Authority, said: “I invite everyone to see this unique artifact, which shows the outstanding level of achievement by archaeologists and specialists who spent several years assembling separate parts of pottery, without knowing the final shape of the jar at first.”
She added: “We thank the archaeological teams working in the emirate, who have made tremendous efforts; The pieces of the jar were collected through several exploration campaigns that lasted for many years to reveal to us what this artifact is rich in secrets, and which bears important indications of the ancient history of the emirate.”
Archaeologists believe that the huge hall was an administrative and economic center for the settlement, where members of the ruling elite meet and organize banquets for their guests, especially since they found inside it a number of other pottery and bronze products, including a pottery cup and a pottery incense cover with holes and a small bull statue, while In a room adjoining the hall, they found more than 30 small estuary jars that might have been used for ceremonies of hospitality.
The Muwailih Hall is not the only one of its kind that has been discovered; Similar halls with pillars were found in other archaeological sites in the Emirates, including Rumaila, Bida Bint Saud, Al-Bathnah and Masafi, and they date back to the same period. friends and guests.
A pottery shard bearing three letters in southern Arabic (Saba’an) script was discovered at the site. That is, the oldest writing so far at the level of the Emirates, and it dates back to the seventh century BC, which is the time period during which the aflaj system was developed to irrigate crops, which proves the solidity of human settlement in the Iron Age period and makes Muwailih a witness to many civilizations that inhabited its land, and evidence of the The social and economic activity that it witnessed in those eras.

The article is in Arabic


Tags: largest pottery jar Emirates Sharjah Archeology Museum

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