The “Progressive Party” and the “Independence Movement” signed an agreement on the presidential elections, on the basis of which MPs Marc Daou and Najat Saliba voted in today’s session in favor of MP Michel Moawad, and it included points on sovereignty, state building, the economy, foreign policy, the economic plan to get out of the collapse, and the management of constitutional dues. .
The text of the agreement stated: “The prolonged collapse in Lebanon with its sovereign, economic, financial, constitutional and administrative dimensions requires the political forces keen to save Lebanon to deepen the understandings between them in order to form together protection from the country’s slide into a deeper rock bottom. Addressing the causes of the political, economic and financial crisis from its roots It is a prerequisite for the success of any attempt to restore stability to Lebanon and prevent the recurrence or continuation of these crises. This document stems from the fact that the causes of the crisis are the disruption of the constitution and the failure to complete the implementation of its articles since 1990, the state’s loss of its sovereignty, the exclusivity of arms, the decision of peace and war, and the disintegration and destruction of the economy due to sectarian quotas and monopolies.
This document sees on October 17 a popular uprising that managed to break the stalemate in political life, and sparked a sustainable confrontation with the regime that is protected by weapons outside the state and that hides behind the slogans of the pact to allow the abuse of power, the plundering of public money, and the allocation of institutions for class benefits for one group or another. It showed the most heinous aspects of the criminal system by eliminating the capital, Beirut, and it demonstrated complete contempt for the Lebanese. After losing their livelihoods, the authority continued to eliminate their lives and homes. This is an unforgivable historical crime, and all those responsible for it and the defaulters who allowed it to happen must be held accountable. This crime of the era proved the need to break the political stalemate, and to rise up against the entire system, so the resignations of a number of deputies, including the deputy of the Independence Movement, which was quickly grabbed by the Progressive Party, and they participated in establishing the Lebanese Opposition Front, which included groups and parties from October 17, the Independence Movement, and the Kataeb Party. This front was the main platform for deepening political understanding and developing points of convergence between the uprising on October 17 and the rebels against the regime after the collapse and explosion. The understanding stipulated in this document is the result of years of discussion and research in constitutional affairs, sovereignty, state building, economy, judicial justice, social protection, foreign policy, and most importantly in getting out of the multidimensional crisis. The result of these discussions is the following points of understanding, which are considered an advanced step that can be developed to present to the Lebanese people an option that crosses the traditional sectarian alignments and addresses the roots of the prolonged crisis in all its dimensions, and allows the October 17 uprising to continue through a coherent and mature political proposition for serious change in Lebanon:
National sovereignty is diminished as long as there are weapons outside the state, and the state loses the exclusivity of the decision of peace and war. Incomplete sovereignty is when groups take control of the sovereign tasks of the Lebanese state and impose a security and foreign policy and even wars on the state, the Lebanese people and their institutions. Lebanese sovereignty will not be complete except with the complete demarcation of the sea and land borders with the neighboring countries of Lebanon. Lebanon’s sovereignty is protected through Arab and international legitimacy, especially resolutions Security Council that proves Lebanon’s rights. International governments should intensify their assistance to Lebanon in the refugee issue through full funding for humanitarian assistance programs, in order to secure a safe return of refugees as soon as possible in accordance with international conventions and human rights. And the accurate classification to determine who are the refugees who meet all the conditions of asylum according to international conventions.
On nation building:
The constitution is the starting point for building the state, and commitment to the National Accord Document and its entire text to complete its implementation in its sovereign and reformist dimensions as a first step to the establishment of the state. The constitution stipulates in Article 95 the establishment of a civil state and the path of abolishing sectarianism. There is no state without justice and the actual ability to be held accountable through an independent judiciary. The process of justice in Lebanon will not be straightened without the completion of the investigation and sentencing of all those responsible for the August 4 bombing. The crime of the age is the first real criterion for unleashing the hand of the judiciary and establishing justice in the Lebanese society. Also completing investigations into political assassinations and terrorist crimes against the Lebanese people.
Expanded administrative decentralization is the foundation for reform in the Lebanese administration and the main contributor. The constitution stipulates an emphasis on a strong central political and security leadership, and an expanded administrative decentralization that is in the service of balanced development, improving the quality of public services, and activating the political participation of citizens. Adhering to the state of institutions and rehabilitating the administrative apparatus to activate the role of the state and ensuring the proper application of laws and the independence of administration from political interference, quotas and sectarian distribution, especially the effectiveness of oversight bodies within state institutions. Investing in the army and legitimate security forces is constant to build the Lebanese state and restore full sovereignty over the Lebanese lands.
On foreign policy:
Lebanon is an Arab country, and moving away from the Arab depth weakens Lebanon’s presence and role. Reactivating Arab relations in a way that protects Lebanon’s economic and financial interests, as well as sovereignty, and the state’s role in global forums is a basic need to preserve the Lebanese state. Lebanon’s neutrality from armed conflicts in the region, and not joining expansionist axes in the region, protects the state and the interests of Lebanon. Building foreign relations that are peer to peer without any dependence on the outside and in the service of the supreme national interest in a way that protects the sovereignty of the state and the freedom of the Lebanese decision in internal and foreign policies and weaves a safety net that maintains stability and attracts investment for growth.
Adhering to the nature of the free Lebanese economy and linked to the Arab and international markets where it is in the interest of Lebanon, giving priority to building a productive economy that allows the reconstitution of national wealth and growth from internal energies and added value produced locally, developing the relationship with the Lebanese expansion and regaining its trust, to become an economic, investment, political and cultural partnership relationship in building Lebanon and not begging and exploiting expatriates to cover domestic consumption, considering social protection networks as essential in preserving the human national wealth and investing in it, especially in terms of comprehensive health coverage, ensuring old age, formal education, public transportation and others that prove the Lebanese men and women in their land. Adopting plans that allow for a fair distribution of national wealth and public money in a way that develops economic and social justice, and encourages growth and prosperity by attracting Lebanese energies at home and abroad.
On getting out of the avalanche:
There is no way out of the collapse in the event that the highest priority is not made to hold accountable everyone who was a partner, accomplice, and conspirator on public money and the money of depositors and in the financial, economic, and institutional collapse of the Lebanese state. Without accountability, there is no way out of the crisis towards stability and sustainable growth. Getting out of the financial crisis requires a program with the International Monetary Fund as an inevitable input. It is necessary to urgently resolve the political decision, which has been holding up for years the completion of reforms and the conditions required for the completion of the agreement with the International Monetary Fund.
Correcting the path of the government rescue plan in terms of its insistence on its comprehensiveness of financial and economic reforms, and its conditionality on basic structural reforms in extending state authority and reforming the public sector, the most important of which is border control, reforming the electricity sector, restructuring and mechanizing the public sector, rebuilding tax policy, especially in terms of combating tax evasion, Immunizing the judiciary and its independence, and laws that contribute to transparency and combating corruption.
Distribution of losses in a way that protects the rightful rights and money of depositors and spares them the cost of collapse and losses, and gradually and parallelly allocates the losses incurred by depositors to: the corrupt, the smugglers, and everyone who violates the laws and wastes public money. Banks with their entire capital, and their owners according to the law. The Banque du Liban, the state, and their officials, conducting a criminal audit that determines responsibilities, refusing to sell state assets, emphasizing the need to remove political guardianship over basic service sectors and public institutions, and stop all forms of sectarian-partisan quotas. Institutions shall be protected through independent oversight bodies on sectors, and administrations of institutions with the possibility of partnerships with the private sector, independent of the political authority, and with those with international and specialized expertise.
The need to limit all expected revenues from oil and gas within a sovereign fund whose main objective is long-term investment to secure the future of Lebanon and its future generations, including partly social protections.
In the administration of constitutional entitlements:
Agreeing on full participation and absolute transparency in deliberating all developments in the presidential election, and consulting on all decisions before implementing them, provided that they are jointly and agreed upon. This includes the decisions of all decisions related to the presidential election, agreeing to adopt the same partnership in naming a prime minister and joint work to support that nomination, agreeing to participate in taking a common position with regard to forming a government or granting or withholding confidence from it. Work together to develop Tuesday’s parliamentary meeting, to raise the level of political and legislative coordination, and to include changeists, independents, and the blocs closest to the proposal presented in this agreement.