One of the etiquette of supplication: leaving off aggression

One of the etiquette of supplication: leaving off aggression
One of the etiquette of supplication: leaving off aggression

Supplication of its two types – a supplication of a question and a supplication of worship – a great worship and a solemn act of worship that those who roll up to it and the righteous compete in it every time, because it shows the reality of servitude in the language of the article and the tongue of the situation, and the sincerity of seeking help and seeking help from God Almighty and the lack of Him, and the recognition of impotence and supplication and the disavowal of might and power, and a promise Our Lord, by responding to those who supplicate to Him, and He warned those who refrained from His supplication. And God the Most High said: {And your Lord said, “Call on Me, I will respond to your prayers. [غافر: 60]

However, supplication may have something that prevents its fulfillment, such as if its conditions or some of them fail, and a brief reference to some of the impediments came in the Almighty’s saying: {Call upon your Lord humbly and in secret, for He does not love the aggressors} [الأعراف: 55] And in this glimpse is an important allusion to God’s love for those who pray to Him in a legitimate way, and to the seriousness of transgression in supplication to the extent that He denied His love for the transgressors with a letter of affirmation.

And it came from him, peace and blessings be upon him, that he said: “In this nation there will be people who transgress in purification and supplication.”

And the meaning of transgression, as Ibn al-Qayyim said, is: “… every question that contradicts God’s wisdom or includes a contradiction to His law and command, or includes a contradiction to what He told him, then it is an transgression that God does not love and does not love His questioner.” The forms of transgression in supplication are not without three types:

The first type: abuse in demand forms

The supplicant must take into account the selection of supplication formulas that are in accordance with the Shari’a, which would be clear in meanings, precise in structure, easy to pronounce in speech, and delight and please the soul, as we see in the names of God when the supplicant says in the supplication: “Oh Most Merciful, O Most Merciful, have mercy on me, O Living.” O Sustainer, by Your mercy, I seek help, O Possessor of Majesty and Honor.” And you will not find a better formula for intercourse with God Almighty like His most beautiful names and sublime attributes. [الإسراء: 110] {And to Allah belong the most beautiful names, so call upon Him by them} [الأعراف: 180] Therefore, the supplicant should pray to God Almighty by His Names and Attributes, or he should be very careful in his supplication to come up with traditional or disciplined words, and to avoid strange words, vague meanings, complex composition and difficult to understand, and from that:

The cost of the accusative words:

And the ancestors of the nation denied the profanity of profanity in supplication and devotion in the construction of buildings, because it contradicts the honorable prophetic guidance, and therefore Urwa bin Al-Zubayr, when he was presented with a supplication in which he recited on behalf of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace and his companions; He said: “They lied. Neither the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, nor his companions prostrate themselves.” And Aisha, may God be pleased with her, said to Ibn Abi al-Saeb: “Beware of prostration in supplication, for I promised the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, and his companions, may God be pleased with them, not to do that.” Likewise, Ibn Abbas, may God be pleased with them, recommended his master Ikrimah, and said: “Then look at the prostration of supplication, and avoid it, for I promised the Messenger of God and his companions that they would only do that avoidance.”

Al-Qurtubi counted rhymed supplications as one of the aspects of transgression in supplication, where he said: “Among them is that he supplicates for what is not in the Book and the Sunnah, so he chooses impoverished words, and rhyming words that he found in pamphlets that have no basis or depend on them, so he makes them his motto, and leaves what the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, prayed for.” All of this prevents an answer to prayer.

Let the supplicant refrain from supplications that contain rhyming and complex words that contradict the Sharia.

The call of God Almighty with what neither the Book nor the Sunnah utters:

Here are examples:

– Some of them said in supplication: “O obligatory, O ancient of eternity, O cause of causes, O Maker of creatures, and Creator of beings… Forgive me..

– The word “my lord” in supplication, and it is not a customary or traditional word in the Sharia, and therefore scholars considered it to be one of the disliked words in supplication.

Abu Al-Abbas Ibn Taymiyyah said in: Malik and Ibn Abi Imran, among the companions of Abu Hanifa and others, hated that the supplicant should say: Oh my master, my master, and they said: Say as the prophets said: Lord, Lord.

Calling God Almighty with the pronoun “He” and he is called “Oh He”, or He-He-He-He, or supplication by repeating the word “God, God, God” alone, or calling God Almighty with “Ah” repeatedly, believing that it is from The Most Beautiful Names of God or one of the greatest names, and all these expressions and the like are strange and delusional terms in the custom of the Sharia, and it is not permissible to seek tawassul with them, because they are from atheism in the names of God Almighty, since the names of God Almighty are contingent in their authenticity.

The point is that paying attention to choosing the names or attributes of God that are appropriate to the situation when supplicating is the safest and most beneficial way to reach what is required in the shortest time.

The second type: assault in the desired

The conclusion is that God Almighty answers all invocations, whether in seeking blessings or in repelling calamities, and there is no caller to supplicate but that He answers his call, and He, Glory be to Him, told through the words of His noble Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, that: Zero, two disappointments.” Rather, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Whoever does not ask God Almighty, He will be angry with him.” That is why supplication is the believer’s beneficial weapon. For his saying, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him: “Supplication benefits from what has been revealed, and from what has not been revealed, so you, servants of God, should pray.” But with that, the supplicant must know that God does not like transgression in a matter and does not please Him, and then transgression was a barrier to an answer, and he has Many photos, including:

Praying is impossible

There is nothing impossible to do with God Almighty, absolutely, but He is capable of everything, except that there are things that have been predestined, done, happened, and emptied of them, which do not accept alteration or change, as is the case in the cosmic norms, and that it is not permissible to ask God Almighty – for example – to transform the remembrance To the female or to make humans a king, this is a clear assault in supplication.

Abu Al-Abbas Ibn Taymiyyah says – while enumerating the types of transgression -: Sometimes he asks what God does not do, such as: asking him to perpetuate him until the Day of Resurrection, or asking him to remove from him the needs of humanity from the need for food and drink, and asking him to inform him of his unseen, or to make him From the infallible, or he is given a son without a wife, and so on, asking him is transgression that God does not love, and he does not love his questioner.

Praying for something forbidden or forbidden

One of the forms of transgression in supplication is that it includes the demand for something from the things that are forbidden, so whoever intends in his supplication to request the fulfillment of the forbidden and the like is an aggressor and he is not answered, because the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, “continues to respond to the servant as long as he does not supplicate for sin or severing the ties of kinship,” like the one who seeks the help of God To collect money in order to travel to places of debauchery and commit taboos such as drinking alcohol, adultery and gambling…or whoever prays for the guidance of all the people of the earth or prays for all the infidels of the earth to perish. None of your people believes except those who have believed.

Al-Qarafi said: “From the forbidden supplication that is not blasphemy: it is what benefited from the prohibition of its connection, and it is called for; For being a request for the occurrence of taboos in existence. Either for the supplicant, such as his saying: O God, make him die as an unbeliever, or give him wine to drink, or help him with so-and-so tax, or have intercourse with such-and-such a foreigner, or facilitate for him such-and-such guardianship, which includes disobedience, or he asks for that for someone else, either for his enemy, such as his saying: O God, do not put so-and-so to death over Islam, O God, grant him power over him from He kills him or takes his money, or to his friend, and he says: O Allah, facilitate for him the guardianship of so-and-so, or the travel of so-and-so, or the companionship of the minister so-and-so, or the king so-and-so, and all of that includes a disobedience to God Almighty, so all of that is prohibited by the prohibition of means, and its status in the prohibition is related to it, so supplication to obtain The greatest of the taboos is the ugliest supplication, and it is narrated: “Whoever prays for an immoral person to stay has loved to disobey God Almighty.” And the love of disobeying Him is forbidden, so this indicates that supplication for the forbidden is forbidden.

Al-Rabee’, may God have mercy on him, said: “Beware of asking your Lord for something that you have been forbidden from, or for what is right for you.”

The supplicant does not bear the anger or zeal that overwhelms him to make a call in which he disobeys God Almighty, and there is no doubt that he is in a path other than the way of the believers.

Lengthening prayers and exaggerating the details

The guidance of the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, in supplication was to confine himself to mosques that gather the good of the two worlds and protect their evils, as Aisha, may God be pleased with her, said that he, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him: “It is desirable for mosques to pray and abandon what is other than that,” that is, he abandons lengthy and detailed supplications in order to avoid aggression in supplication. That is why his supplication, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, was most often {O God, give us good in this world and in the Hereafter good, and protect us from the torment of the Fire} as Anas, may God be pleased with him, said.

And he, peace and blessings be upon him, used to say to Aisha, may God be pleased with her: “O Aisha, you have to complete the supplication and its congregations. I know, and I ask you for Paradise and whatever word or deed brings you closer to it, and I seek refuge in You from Hell and whatever word or action brings you closer to it.”

And Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali was right when he said: “It is better for the preacher not to transgress the traditional supplications, because he may transgress in his supplication and ask what his interest does not require.”

For this reason, the imams of the Muslims, past and present, from among the Companions and after them, saw that many phrases in supplications and entering into the details of the issue is an aggression that must be avoided.

And this is Saad bin Abi Waqqas, the great companion, who heard his son supplicating and saying: O God, I ask You for Paradise and its bliss and joy, and such-and-such, and I seek refuge in You from Hell and its chains and shackles, and such-and-such. . Beware of being one of them. If you are given Paradise, you will be given it and what is in it, and if you are given protection from Hell, you will be given protection from it and what is in it of evil.

This was repeated with another companion, Abdullah bin Al-Mughaffal, when he listened to the supplication of his son while he was saying: Oh God, I ask you for the white palace on the right side of Paradise. Time is a people who transgress in supplication and purification.

And the witness is that the excessive length of supplication or taking the supplication as a lecture and a sermon in which he is tasked with mentioning the chips and the wailing matters … and this favor is contrary to the prophetic guidance, but rather it is considered an attack in supplication according to the people of knowledge.

The third type: assault in the body

Among the etiquette of supplication in the body: facing the qiblah, raising the hands, humility, supplication and reverence, and concealing the supplication, as God the Most High entrusted to that by saying: {Call upon your Lord in humility and in secret, for He does not love the aggressors} [الأعراف: 55] However, there are some actions and forms that occur during supplication and are included in the attack or close to it. Examples of this are:

Exaggeration in raising the voice in supplication

Raising the voice in the place of supplication and proclaiming the request is something that is contrary to etiquette with God Almighty, and contrary to His command, glory be to Him.

Aisha, may God be pleased with her, said in the interpretation of the Almighty’s saying: [الإسراء: 110] She said: It was revealed in supplication.

Al-Alusi said: “And you see many of the people of your time relying on shouting in supplication, especially in mosques, so that the confusion becomes greater and more severe, and the ears become silent and silent, and they do not realize that they combined two innovations: raising the voice in supplication, and that this is in the mosque, and Ibn Jarir narrated on the authority of Ibn Juraij: that Raising the voice in supplication from the transgression referred to in His saying, Glory be to Him: {Indeed, He does not love the aggressors} [الأعراف: 55].

Therefore, the Prophet of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, intensified his denunciation against the Companions when they raised their voices with remembrance, and he said: “O people, fight against yourselves, for you do not pray for the deaf or the absent, for he is with you. And in Muslim’s narration: “And what you call upon is closer to one of you than the neck of his camel.” “

Al-Hafiz said in explaining the hadeeth: Al-Tabari said: In it, it is disliked to raise the voice in supplication and remembrance, and this is what most of the predecessors among the Companions and followers said.

And on the authority of Qais bin Abbad, he said: The companions of the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, hated raising the voice at three times when fighting, at funerals, and when remembering.

Al-Hassan Al-Basri conveyed the work of the early Muslims on that, saying: “Between the invocation of the secret and the invocation of the public seventy-fold, and the Muslims used to strive in supplication, and no voice was heard for them, even if it was only a whisper between them and their Lord.” They were polite with Him, Glory be to Him, which indicates that shouting, screaming, and speaking out loud in supplication Which is not appropriate for the supplicant before God Almighty, because it is ill-mannered, at least if not offensive.

Singing and composing in prayer

Singing in supplication and its recitation was a habit of the People of the Book, and it is not familiar from the prophetic guidance, which is the best of guidance, although improving the voice in supplication is okay as long as it does not exceed the limit of the Sharia, since the principle in the supplicant when supplicating is that it is characterized by the purification of palliative, humiliation and disapproval in the hands of God Almighty and supplication To him in the usual voice without chanting or singing, following the example of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him.

The imams of the religion mentioned their denial of raising the voice in supplication until some of them counted it as an assault, and there is no doubt that chanting and chanting supplications will be more severe in denial and closer to the prohibited assault.

Ibn al-Hammam al-Hanafi said: “What people are familiar with in these times of stretching and exaggeration in shouting and preoccupation with melody investigations to show the melodic industry and not to establish slavery, because it does not require an answer, but rather it is one of the requirements for a response.”

Vibration and swaying in supplication and remembrance

Vibration during dhikr and supplication, believing that: “Movement is a blessing, the movements of phenomena necessitate the blessings of secrets” are among the innovated things that are not indicated by the Prophet’s guidance, neither from near nor from afar, and neither the Companions nor those who followed them in benevolence knew about it. From the images of the reprehensible assault that projected politeness with God Almighty.

The unanimous opinion in this section is that supplication is a great worship, and every worship requires two conditions of acceptance, which are salvation and follow-up. Follow-up in supplication requires that the words, structures and meanings of supplications be clear, and avoid complexities and costs that are far from the truth of supplication, refraction and supplication required in the place of supplication.