Tomorrow, Friday, after the Maghrib prayer, Dar Al-Ifta will survey the crescent of the month of Dhul-Qi`dah for the year 1444 AH by the Sharia committees deployed in the governorates of the Republic, and a statement will be issued with the result of sighting the crescent.
The crescent of the month of Dhu al-Qi’dah will be born immediately after the conjunction occurs at exactly five o’clock and one minute 54 in the evening, Cairo local time, tomorrow, Friday, Shawwal 29 1444 AH, corresponding to 5/19/2023 (the day of sighting), and it is noted that the new crescent will not have been born yet in some countries. Arabic and Islamic at sunset on the day of vision.
And the moon sets in the crescent phase (the old one before sunset of that day) on the day of sighting in Makkah Al-Mukarramah by 3 minutes, while in Cairo the new crescent stays one minute after sunset, and in the governorates of the Arab Republic of Egypt it sets with sunset in Qena, Kharga, Sohag, Al-Tur, St. Catherine and Taba. And it sets before it in Halayeb, Toshka, and Aswan, with periods ranging between (1-2 minutes), and it sets after sunset in Salloum, Alexandria, Port Said, Tanta, Fayoum, and Assiut, with periods ranging between (1-3 minutes).
As for most Arab and Islamic capitals and cities, the moon sets before sunset of that day (the day of sighting) for periods ranging between (1-18 minutes), while it stays after sunset in some of them for periods ranging between (1-9 minutes), and in Baghdad the crescent sets. The new one with sunset, and according to astronomical calculations, Saturday 5/20/2023 AD will be the completion of the month of Shawwal 1444 AH, and the start of the month of Dhul Qi’dah 1444 AH will be astronomically on Sunday, May 21, 2023.
The Hijri calendar system depends on the lunar month, which is represented by the period of time that the moon takes to make a complete revolution around the earth. – 9 Ramadan – 10 Shawwal – 11 Dhul Qi’dah – 12 Dhul Hijjah.
The Hijri, lunar, or Islamic calendar is a calendar that relies on the cycle of the moon to determine the months and is adopted by some Arab countries, such as Saudi Arabia, as an official calendar for the state. ) as a reference to the first year in it, and this is the reason why it is called the Hijri calendar.