The collapse of the Sudanese state is possible if the war continues

The collapse of the Sudanese state is possible if the war continues
The collapse of the Sudanese state is possible if the war continues

Political forces in Sudan welcomed the “Declaration of Principles Agreement” signed between the army and the “Rapid Support Forces” in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, yesterday, and urged strict and serious adherence to what was agreed upon.

And the “Coalition of Forces for the Declaration of Freedom and Change,” in a statement today (Friday), considered the signing of the agreement an important step towards ending the war that has been going on in the country since April 15.

The largest political coalition in the country urged the army and the “rapid support” to move forward to reach a permanent ceasefire and end differences through dialogue, away from the use of violence and armed force.

The “Forces of Change” praised the efforts of the international and regional communities, in particular the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States, to sponsor negotiations between the two parties, and to reach a “declaration of principles.”

In the statement, she said, “We look forward to completing these efforts until a comprehensive, permanent and final cessation is reached that fulfills the aspirations of the Sudanese people for a civil and democratic transition.”

For its part, the Federal Gathering, one of the factions of the coalition, welcomed the efforts of the army leaders and the Rapid Support Forces to extinguish the fire of war through serious and transparent dialogue, which resulted in an agreement declaring principles to protect civilians and address humanitarian issues, and considered the agreement a major step to restore the peaceful path. to resolve differences.

He appealed to the army and the “rapid support” to implement all of the provisions of the agreement, paving the way for a complete and comprehensive cessation of the war, and the return of the political track, which leads to a complete civil transformation.

The coalition stressed the importance of the security and military reform process, which leads to a single professional and national army, committed to its constitutional duties, subordinate to civilian governing bodies, and has nothing to do with politics.

The “Declaration of Principles Agreement” stipulated that the army and the “rapid support” guarantee the protection of civilians and adhere to them, and allow the passage of humanitarian aid without hindrance.

The agreement stresses refraining from any attack expected to cause civilian harm, ensuring access to medicine and chronic disease medication, and protecting medical personnel and public facilities.

Under the agreement, the Sudanese army and the “rapid support” forces are obligated to enable the safe delivery of humanitarian aid, the withdrawal of forces from hospitals and medical facilities, and the respectful burial of the dead.

The two sides affirmed working to strengthen the principles and commitments contained in the “Declaration of Principles Agreement”, by giving priority to discussions with the aim of achieving a short-term ceasefire; To facilitate the delivery of emergency humanitarian assistance and restore essential services, and also commit to scheduling subsequent expanded discussions to achieve a permanent cessation of hostilities.

In parallel, the democratic movement welcomed the disputed (Abyei) region between Sudan and South Sudan, the Jeddah Humanitarian Declaration, urging the two parties to implement it on the ground.

It called on Saudi Arabia and the United States to move quickly in forming monitoring mechanisms, deploying observers, and paving the way for continuing talks on a permanent ceasefire.

Representatives of the Sudanese army and the “rapid support” forces, after negotiations that lasted for days in the Saudi city of Jeddah, reached a “Declaration of Principles Agreement”, according to a Saudi-American initiative, and international, Arab and African support. To stop the war in Sudan.

More than 500 civilians were killed and thousands of civilians were injured in the capital (Khartoum) and other areas of the country during the military battles between the two parties, since the middle of last month.

Civilians face difficult humanitarian conditions in the areas of clashes due to the lack of electricity and water, the lack of food and medicine, and the difficulty of accessing hospitals.

On December 5, the commander of the Sudanese army, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and the commander of the Rapid Support Forces, Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo, known as Hemedti, signed a framework agreement with the Forces of Freedom and Change coalition, and other forces supporting the civil transition process. It requires the military to completely leave power, return to the barracks, and establish a civilian-led government.

The outbreak of war between the army and the “rapid support” forces cut off the road to completing the political process, which is close to signing the final political agreement.

The political process between the Sudanese parties is facilitated by the tripartite mechanism, consisting of the United Nations, the African Union and the Intergovernmental Development Organization (IGAD), with great support from the quadruple mechanism, which includes Saudi Arabia, America, the Emirates and Britain.