What buildings become “antique” and how are they recorded?

What buildings become “antique” and how are they recorded?
What buildings become “antique” and how are they recorded?

Written by Muhammad Asaad

Friday, May 19, 2023 05:00 AM

Antiquities Protection Law No. 117 of 1983 established a set of definitions and provisions that define who are “antiquities” and which buildings become “antiquities”.

According to the provisions of the law, any immovable or movable property is considered an “antiquity” when it fulfills the following conditions:

1- It should be a product of the Egyptian civilization or successive civilizations, or a product of the arts, sciences, literature or religions that existed on the land of Egypt since prehistoric times until a hundred years ago.

2- It should be of archaeological or artistic value or of historical importance as it is a manifestation of the Egyptian civilization or other civilizations established on the land of Egypt.

3- That the antiquity was produced or originated on the land of Egypt or has a historical connection with it.

The remains of human races and their contemporaneous organisms are considered as antiquities, which are registered in accordance with the provisions of the law.

By a decision of the Prime Minister based on the proposal of the minister concerned with antiquities affairs, any real estate or movable property of historical, scientific, religious, artistic or literary value may be considered an antiquity if the state has a national interest in its preservation and maintenance, without being restricted to the time limit mentioned in the previous article, and it shall be registered in accordance with According to the provisions of this law, and in this case, the owner of the antiquity is responsible for preserving it and not making any change to it, from the date he was notified of this decision by registered mail with acknowledgment of receipt.

Land owned by the state and considered archaeological by virtue of decisions or orders prior to the enforcement of this law, or which are deemed as such by a decision of the Prime Minister based on the proposal of the minister concerned with antiquities affairs, are considered archaeological lands. By a decision of the Prime Minister based on the presentation of the minister concerned with antiquities affairs, it is permissible to remove Any land of antiquities or lands of public utilities for antiquities if it is proven to the Council that it is free of antiquities, or if it becomes outside the land of the approved beautification line for antiquities.

And the Council may, when the state has a national interest in that and is estimated by the Board of Directors, to reconcile the conditions of the tenants of the archaeological sites whose expropriation has not been decided and to terminate the rental relationship within one year from the date of the procedure issued to reconcile the situation, by finding alternative places for them, or by compensating them with fair compensation.