Alshiraa| The Moroccan woman between yesterday and today, from brilliance to dressing up / Fatima Zahraa Al-Nouri

Alshiraa| The Moroccan woman between yesterday and today, from brilliance to dressing up / Fatima Zahraa Al-Nouri
Alshiraa| The Moroccan woman between yesterday and today, from brilliance to dressing up / Fatima Zahraa Al-Nouri

theMoroccan woman between yesterday and today from Sparkle to wrap

Fatima Zahraa Al-Nouri

Al Sheraa 13 May 2023

toThroughout the ages, Moroccan women have been like a steadfast and steadfast stone in the face of the returns of time, and they have been an example in combining duty, responsibility and perseverance. towards her small family, and in the public sphere she was able to It deservedly holds a privileged position in the adult square and was positioned in the golden square of the Moroccan elite; She was a creative writer and writercastA successful business woman glowing sports, disciplined administration; decodeanT A creative model for women in various fields, what made himaTluckZ Appreciation and respect of all peoples.

And she managed woman to be squeezed to a great extent The legal gap between her and the man, and the dissipation of convictions The patriarchal thought that was prevalent in the past ages, and contributed to this strong and active presence of Moroccan women, pioneering women Amazigh women, where Morocco was before The spread of Islam thatAccompany the attendees Arabi, Part of an area inhabited by the majority of tribes Almaaberration Andwoman In the Berber communities occupy status She was a great prophetess and many positions, including priestess, and even some of them were military commanders And they fought against theArab and Islamic expansion in North AfricaHistory shows us many pioneering Moroccan Berber womenjAmong them is the European Kenza, the daughter of the chief of the Amazigh tribe of Europe Who married Idris I Alawi. She played an important role in establishing the foundations of the Idrisid state, especially after the death of her husband, Idris I, where AShe let her son, Idris, take charge of the state.

There are also Zainab Isaac’s daughter Al-Nafzawiyyah One of the most famous Berber women during the era of the Almoravid Empire, as she played a major role in establishing and consolidating the foundations of the Almoravid state.according to the writings many historians of her time. Ibn Khaldun said about her: “She was one of the world’s famous women for her beauty and leadership.” She is from the Nafzawa tribe of Berber Berbers living in Tripoli the West, And it was her duR In the brilliance of her husband’s star Prince Almoravids Yusuf bin Tashfin, Historian Ahmed bin Khaled Al-Nasseri said about it in his book Al-Istiqsaand: «It was the address of Saada, and the list BtoKe, and the mastermind of his affairs, and Al-Fatiha on him with her good policy for most of the countries of Morocco. It was quoted by Ibn al-Athir in al-Kamil: “She was one of the best women and she ruled in the country of her husband, Ibn Tashfin.”

maleFamous sociologist and historian Ibn Khaldun in his book (History of Ibn Khaldun): “Until he traveled to the desert in the year four hundred and fifty-three and used his cousin Yusuf bin Tashfin in Morocco, he descended to him on behalf of this wife Zainab, and she had the leadership of his affairs and his authority.

like that Within the list of pottery for Moroccan women comes Al-Hurra (1485-1542), which is rightly considered One of the most important female leaders Morocco has known throughout its history. distinguished With abundant knowledge, sharp intelligence, and political acumen before and during its rule, the city of Tetouan born In the year 1485M, Sayyida al-Hurra was born in the city of Chefchaouen, in northern Morocco, in the year 1493 Chefchaouen Teaching it at the hands of the greatest scholars and jurists of religion. Her sharp intelligence facilitated her acquisition of a rich culture that helped her gain knowledge of the arts of managing the state and confronting opponents and enemies, which helped her enter the field of politics that was the preserve of men. She is the daughter of the Emir of Chefchaouen Ali bin Musa bin Rashid bin Ali bin Saeed Ibn Abd al-Wahhab bin Allal bin Abd al-Salam bin Meshish Al-Alami Al-Idrisi Al-Hassani, the grandson of the Messenger, and she is the full sister of Minister Abi Salem Prince Ibrahim bin Rashid, and the wife of the commander of Tetouan Muhammad Al-Mandhari, and the governor of Tetouan forover Three decades, and the wife of Sultan Ahmed Al-WattasY, Mrs. Al-Hurra took care of managing the affairs of the city in a manner consistent with what is known in the major cities, and she also paid great attention to the military aspect..

in Same Context, Come Khanatha bint Sheikh Bakkar al-Maghafari, known as Khanatah bint Bakkar (died in 1730 AD / Jumada al-Awwal in 1159 AH), a Moroccan Amazigh jurist, writer, scholar, and politician, and the first woman to hold the ministry in Morocco. Well done the seven readings, scholar of hadith, mystic, husbandHThe advisor to Mawla Ismail and the mother of Sultan Abdullah bin Ismail. She took over the upbringing and care of her grandson, Sultan Muhammad bin Abdullah..

described by ato a Nazarene; That she was of beauty and jurisprudence and literature AndShe was She is distinguished by her scientific and jurisprudence. Al-Qadri mentions in his book “Nashr Al-Mathani” that Sheikh Abi Abdullah Muhammad Al-Makki Al-Dakali was the one who corrected the tablet that she wrote with her hand to memorize the Qur’an.Hermaphrodites played a prominent role in establishing the agreement.

The peace and trade that took place in Meknes between the noble province and Great Britain in the person of its ambassador, Charles Stewart, and the English sources mention it as “Quinta”, which is due to the name of Khunta, which is Her nickname is among those close to herAmong her many innovations is her commentary on the book Al-Isabah fi Tamayyiz al-Sahabah by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani It is preserved in the royal treasury in Rabat

There are still many female pioneers that the article does not accommodate to list their names Of the Moroccan women who played an active role In the resistance of the colonizer pme extension The national territory from north to south to east and west. Stand by their struggles They do not give up their role in running the household..

And in the current eraList of pioneers released name The late Princess Lalla Aisha, who was appointed by the late King Hassan II as ambassador to the Kingdom Moroccan in Britain In the year 1965, So it was The first Arab Muslim woman and princess to hold this position.And moved later to work as head of the Moroccan diplomatic corps in the Italian capital in the year 1969, And left clear and tangible traces in the sites that Tbateha

but in The eighties of the last century, the Kingdom of Morocco witnessed transformations in concepts and values, and the most prominent reflection of these transformations was on Moroccan womenThere was a regression of the role of women in the public sphere under the pressure of the Salafi-Wahhabi currents that penetrated our Moroccan society, and the patriarchal mentality prevailed. that underestimate the capabilities of women, andhinder its access to leadership positionsdespite the declared rhetoric affirming that political parties support women’s access to positions of leadership and responsibilityIn clear violation of the Moroccan constitution that was approved in 2011, which stipulates:TTMen and women enjoy, on an equal basis, civil, political, economic, social, cultural and environmental rights and freedoms.” And that “the state seeks to achieve the principle of parity between men and women, and an agency for parity and anti-discrimination is established.” And that “the authorities work to provide conditions that enable the generalization of character The actual freedom of citizens and citizens, equality between them and their participation in political lifeAnd in flagrant defiance of the laws supporting the rights of Moroccan women, And in the forefront A Family Code, which was issued in 2004, and is one of the first royal initiatives aimed at redressing women and recognizing their rights, four years after the King assumed the throne, which was considered a “social and legislative revolution.”

In light of this unsatisfactory picture of the current reality of Moroccan women, I am confident that they are able to face the challenges they face Which is represented in deviating from the stereotype that the Salafist currents sought to consolidate and striving to embody the principle of equal opportunities on the basis of gender equality. and increase their representation in elected bodies and constitutional institutions bappearance Tjfit with The size of its presence and influence in society andher scientific abilitiesH .