Dr. Jad Al-Qadi, President of the National Institute for Astronomical and Geophysical Research, and President of the Arab Association for Astronomy and Space Sciences, confirmed that, according to astronomical calculations carried out by the Institute’s Sun Research Laboratory, the crescent of the month of Dhu al-Qi’dah will be born immediately after the conjunction occurs at five o’clock and one minute 54 pm local time. Local Cairo on Friday 29 Shawwal 1444 AH corresponding to 5/19/2023 AD (the day of sighting), and it is noted that the new crescent will not have been born yet in some Arab and Islamic countries at sunset on the day of sighting.
And the Astronomical Research Institute added that the moon sets (in the old crescent phase) 3 minutes before sunset of that day (the day of sighting) in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, while in Cairo the new crescent stays one minute after sunset, and in the governorates of the Arab Republic of Egypt it sets with sunset. The sun sets in Qena, Kharga, Sohag, Al-Tur, St. Catherine and Taba, and sets before it in Halayeb, Toshka and Aswan with periods ranging between (1-2 minutes), and it sets after sunset in Salloum, Alexandria, Port Said, Tanta, Fayoum and Assiut with periods ranging between (1-3 minutes). In Arab and Islamic capitals and cities, the moon sets before sunset on that day (the day of sighting) for periods ranging between (1-18 minutes), while it stays after sunset in some of them for periods ranging from (1-9 minutes), and in Baghdad the new crescent sets with sunset. the sun.
And astronomical research confirmed that Saturday 5/20/2023 AD is the completion of the month of Shawwal 1444 AH, and thus the beginning of the month of Dhul Qi’dah 1444 AH astronomically will be on Sunday 5/21/2023 AD.