Weather of Arabia – Imagine waking up in the morning and starting your day without the usual cup of coffee. This may actually happen, and coffee will disappear from this world, as some studies indicate that the lands cultivated with coffee will shrink.
Climate change will reduce the amount of land available for coffee cultivation by 54% by 2100 even if global temperatures are within internationally agreed targets, according to a new report from British charity Christian Aid.
Coffee farmers from Honduras and Ethiopia said they were already suffering from climate change.
The charity calculated that high temperatures and unpredictable conditions would reduce the amount of land suitable for growing coffee by 54.4%, even if global temperatures were limited to 1.5-2C above pre-industrial levels.
More than half of the coffee consumed in the UK comes from Brazil and Vietnam, two countries particularly vulnerable to climate change.
Vietnam recorded its hottest temperature ever last week at 44.1 degrees Celsius (111.38 Fahrenheit), while neighboring countries also experienced new temperature extremes.
Rising temperatures and erratic rainfall, as well as disease, drought and landslides caused by human-induced climate change, threaten to diminish the coffee industry and impoverish its producers.
“As a coffee producer, I can say, now it is more and more difficult to produce, and this is clearly related to climate change,” Yadira Lemos, a coffee farmer in Honduras, says in a report published on the Christian Aid website.
He adds, “With regard to climate change, we are witnessing a rise in temperatures, and it is difficult to predict the weather. Who would have predicted that we would face the storms and hurricanes that we witnessed last year, and now there is a lack of rain, and we are more vulnerable to these types of changes.”
Christian Aid issued its dire warning in a new report, “Wake Up and Smell Coffee: The Climate Crisis and Your Coffee,” which calls for “unfair” debt cancellation and financial support to help farmers diversify their livelihoods.
“Africans make up 17% of the world’s population, but we generate only 4% of the greenhouse gas emissions that caused the climate crisis, and yet we are the ones who suffer the brunt of this crisis, and the effects of climate change,” said Yetna Tekalin, the charity’s country director in Ethiopia. .
She adds: “Our coffee industry is Ethiopia’s most important export and provides significant employment opportunities, but now it is threatened by climate change. Its impact on coffee production is clearly visible, including through high levels of coffee leaf rust, and there is a lot the UK government can do.” Starting with using its power to persuade Western private creditors to cancel the debts of the world’s poorest countries and mobilize the vital financing we need to address the loss and damage to our country caused by climate calamity.”
“This timely report from Christian Aid shines a light on what coffee farmers are telling us about the catastrophic consequences of climate breakdown, which not only threatens their livelihoods, but also It also affects their future.”
He explains that “farming communities have a critical role to play in addressing the climate crisis and have the expertise to address it, however, far too many smallholder coffee farmers, particularly those who do not have the financial protection that fair trade provides, simply cannot do so, Because the price they receive for their products is very low, which is unfair.”
Jarrod Kath, from the Center for Applied Climate Sciences at the Australian University of Southern Queensland, said in exclusive statements to Al-Ain News that extreme weather events, which have become a regular pattern, greatly affect coffee cultivation.
While the optimal annual temperature range for coffee cultivation is described as between 18 and 22°C (coffee Arabica) or between 22 and 28°C (coffee Robusta), climatic extremes from very cold to excessively hot conditions greatly destroy coffee yields, as well. Cath confirms