This is why America intervened in Vietnam and lost 60 thousand soldiers!

After the defeat of the French occupation forces in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu and their withdrawal in 1954, Vietnam was divided into two states, North and South, according to the Geneva Conference, temporarily pending elections to unify the two parts in 1956.

While the victory of the northern communists was inevitable in these elections due to the great popular support they enjoyed in the rural areas of South Vietnam, the southern leader, Ngo Dinh Diem, with the support of the Americans, tended to reject the results.

The Vietnam War broke out, coinciding with a North-backed rebellion in South Vietnam, which lasted for more than 19 years and resulted in millions of deaths.

The beginning of this war witnessed great American support for the south, which quickly turned into a direct military intervention following the Gulf of Tonkin incident.

Gulf of Tonkin incident

During that period, the United States of America headed to carry out naval bombardment operations, relying on battleships and destroyers, against targets on the border between Laos and Vietnam to cut the North Vietnamese support lines and at the same time supported South Vietnam by bombing the Viet Cong positions.

A picture of American tanks during the Vietnam War

However, in the early morning hours of August 2, 1964, the crew of the American destroyer, the USS Maddox, received warnings that 3 North Vietnamese torpedo boats were in the vicinity. Initially, the captain of the ship, John J. Herrick, decided to move away from the area to avoid confrontation with the Vietnamese. Soon, the latter reversed his decision to return to the Gulf of Tonkin.

As the Vietnamese boats approached, Herrick ordered his forces to prepare to fire and requested support from the US Air Force, which arrived on the spot, forcing the North Vietnamese to retreat.

A picture of US President Lyndon Johnson

Violent clashes

The next day, the Americans sent the destroyer Turner Joy to support her counterpart the Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin. In the midst of these events, Turner Joy and Maddox are ordered by John Herrick to sail at sea and avoid confrontation with the North Vietnamese.

A picture of American tanks during the Vietnam War

A picture of American tanks during the Vietnam War

At about nine o’clock at night on August 4, 1964, the destroyer Maddox warned of the presence of North Vietnamese boats in the vicinity.

Then the crew of the destroyers Maddox and Turner Joy talked about the outbreak of violent clashes with the Vietnamese boats, which fired a number of torpedoes and missiles towards the American ships. Despite reports that questioned the truth of what happened, the Gulf of Tonkin incident angered the US administration, which has been searching for some time for a pretext to intervene more in Vietnam.

American response

In Washington, US President Lyndon B. Johnson closely followed the facts of what happened on the night of August 4th. Late at night, President Johnson gave a speech in which he affirmed his desire to respond to what happened in the Gulf of Tonkin.

Lingo Dinh Diem's ​​photo

Lingo Dinh Diem’s ​​photo

On August 7, the US Congress adopted the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which President Johnson ratified three days later.

Until the United States agreed, thanks to this decision, to increase its military presence in Vietnam, and thus unleashed intense bombing operations on North Vietnamese targets and allowed to increase the number of its forces on the territory of Vietnam to confront the Viet Cong.

The article is in Arabic

Tags: America intervened Vietnam lost thousand soldiers

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